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Sep 21, 2021

The importance of the rotational profile of the first metatarsal is increasingly recognized in the surgical planning of hallux valgus. However, rotation in the normal population has only been measured in small series. We aimed to identify the normal range of first metatarsal rotation in a large series using weightbearing computed tomography (WBCT).

In conclusion, metatarsal rotation is variable in normal feet. Normal MPA can be defined as less than 16 degrees, and normal α angle can be defined as less than 18 degrees. Both MPA and α angle are reproducible methods for assessing rotation. Further work is needed to evaluate these angles in patients with deformity and to determine their significance when planning surgical correction of hallux valgus.


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