Sep 1, 2016
The use of patient-reported outcomes continues to expand beyond the scope of clinical research to involve standard of care assessments across orthopedic practices. It is currently unclear how to interpret and apply this information in the daily care of patients in a foot and ankle clinic. We prospectively examined the relationship between preoperative patient-reported outcomes (PROMIS Physical Function, Pain Interference and Depression scores), determined minimal clinical important differences for these values, and assessed if these preoperative values were predictors of improvement after operative intervention.
Patient-reported outcomes (PROMIS) scores obtained preoperatively predicted improvement in foot and ankle surgery. Threshold levels in physical function, pain interference, and depression can be shared with patients as they decide whether surgery is a good option and helps place a numerical value on patient expectations. Physical function scores below 29.7 were likely to improve with surgery, whereas those patients with scores above 42 were unlikely to make gains in function. Patients with pain scores less than 55 were similarly unlikely to improve, whereas those with scores above 67 had clinically significant pain reduction postoperatively. Reported prognostic cutoff values help to provide guidance to both the surgeon and the patient and can aid in shared decision making for treatment.
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